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Birth & Ancestry<br />
I am not sure of the exact date of my birth .we had no tradition of maintainig such records.it would be an approximate guess if i say that I was born in the winter (perhaps november) of the year 1918.That was the year in which large part ok kalat were hit by a influenza virus.<br />
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I was born in the village of shank jhao . it lay on the banks of river Hingol, about 150 kilometers northwest of karachi.through insulated from the winds of scoial change by centuries of isolotion and backwardness,the village had a special place in history.It lay to close Hinglaj, one of the most sacrd spots to which Hindu devotees came fromthe remotest corner of the subcontinent to pay homage to goddess Mata Hinglaj. this movement of pilgrims had gone on for tens of centuries befor I was born and continued uninterrupted till india was partitioned in 1947.<br />
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my father's ancestors had settled in the Nal Valley,about 60 kilometers from the presents city of Khuzdar,some 500 years ago. They belonged to the Hamalani branch of the Bizenjo tribe .My grandfather Sardar Faqir Muhammad Bizenjo II was the Naib (Governor) of the province of Makran in the Khanate of Kalat from 1839 to 1883.He owned lands in Makran, Kolwa, Awaran ,Jhao,Nal and Kachhi.He had five sons,the youngest being my father Saffar khan.He had divided his lands into three portions; those in Makran and Kolwa were bequeathed to his two elder sons, half of the lands in Jhao and those in Nal and Kachhi to the next two sons and the land in Awaran and the remaining half of the lands in Jhao to my father.<br />
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My mother Dur Bibi haild from Rask in Iranian Balochistan .She belonged to the Buledi tribe.Her father Mir Yar Muhammad Khan fell victim to local tribal feuds and was forced to leave Rask.He went to karachi with his family . But the tribal blood in him cried for revenge. Leaving his family in karachi, he travelled to Kabul and sought the help of Amir Abdur Rahman Khan, ruler of Afghanistan,to regain his lost position and possessions in Rask.The Amir agreed to help on one condition. He should first join the Amir's forces and lead lashkar against the Hazaras who were then waging a rebellion against Kabul.After defeating the Hazaras,he would be free to take the lashkar to Rask and reclaim his lost position. My grandfather accepeted the offer.Unfortunately, as bad luck would have it, he never made it to Rask. He killed in one of the battles against the hazaras.<br />
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My grandfather with her children settled down in karachi for good. It was there that my father, on his way back from Hajj, came in contact with the family of my mother moved to Jhao and settled there. That was how I happened to be born in Jhao.<br />
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Life in the old-fashioned, backward tribal society was harsh in many ways. Apart from observing the strict tribal codes, there were also inter and intra tribal rivalries and hostilities one had to put up with. I was the only surviving son of my parents. Of my three elder brothers, two had died infancy and third was killed in a tribal clas. My father aslo died when I was only a year old. He did not survive the influenza epidemic.Thus it fell to my mother's lot not only to nurse me through my childhood but also provide <br />
me the protection and care of a father . I had become a sitting duck for those who coveted the landed property I had inherited from my father. My life, which hardly begum was already in danger.In steering me through those most difficulty and often dangerous stages of my childhood and adolescence and making me what I am today, the contribution of my mother was truly enormous.<br />
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I was about four years old when luck came my way from a totally unexpected quarter. some time in the year 1922, Col. Kiess, the British political agent in kalat, was tourimg the state proclaiming the abolition of slavery. yes this scourge was then prevalent in our society, Col. Kiess passed through Jhao. My mother took me to him and told him our tale of woe . to take care of my property and send me to Quetta for schooling.<br />
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thus, by a curious coincidence, my deliverance from the threat of physical liquidation by my own next of kin synchronized with the announcement of the abolition was an officer of the British colonial regime - the very regim I was to oppose in the years to come as an activist of the freedom movement!<br />
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The colonel proved true to his word. six months later, a court of Ward took charge of my landed properties.I was sent to Quetta and admitted in the Sandeman High School.<br />
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From 1925 till !935, I studued in Sandeman High Scool, Quetta and lived with my mother. An earthquake devastated the city of Quetta in 1935 and reduced it to rubble.Very few people survid the disaster. My mother and I were among the fortunate few. We could not stay in Quetta any longer; so we left for karachi where I resumed my studies at the famous Singh Madrasah High School.<br />
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During the years of our stay in Quetta and for some more years the landed properties I had inherited from my father remained in the care of the Court of Ward who expenses. While at Sandeman High School, I had developed into a fine football player and erned a place in the Sandeman Football Club. As a member of the Club's team I played in tournament in far away Calcutta and some places in the punjab.<br />
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"FOOTBALL TAKES ME TO ALIGARH"<br />
Once again a chance occurrence came along and set the stage for the next phase of my life It happened a year after I joined the Sindh Marrasah.<br />
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A football team from Aligarh Muslim University came to karachi in 1936. It was accompanied by the Vice Chancellor of the University, the legendary Dr. Ziauddin Ahmed. In a friendly match between the Aligarh team and the NED Collage, I played for the latter. Our team managed to hold the much more experienced Aligarh team to a draw. My individul performance received special attention, so much so that the Aligarian requested Doctor Saheb to invite me to join Aligarh University for futher studies. Obviously they wanted me to be in thier football team. As chance would have it the sons of Jam Maqbool Khan, a senior family relative were scheduled to proceed to Aligarh for studies. Doctor Shib persuaded Jam Sahib to allow me to go with them. Jam Saheb his consent and I set out for Aligarh in 1937.<br />
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Football continued to be my first love at Aligarh. I played in several first class matches in many parts of India, not only for Aligarh University bit also for Crescent Football Club of Delhi. These matches took me to Bengal, Bihar, U.P., Punjab, Bombay, Jaipur, Bhopal, and farther south to Hyderabad, Madras, Bangalore and Mysore. Those exposures provided me the rare opportunity to know the subcontinent with its fascinatingly diverse social, cultural climatic, goeraphical and also political hues and colours. Onthe field I played football. Off the field I interacted with all kinds of people, exchanged views with them and learnt a great deal which I could not have even dreamt of, had I remained holed up in the tribal isilation of Kalat-Balochistan.<br />
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The political events unfolding on the vast canvas of the subcontinent were grandually leaving deep marks on my receptive youg mind. The Aligarh Muslim University, like other contemporary academic centers of India,was a hotbed of politics.Two sharply defined strains of polictical thinking prevailed among the students. One was All India Muslim League's politics based on separate exclusive nationhood of Muslim of India.The other was the secular politics of a single inclusive India nation espoused by the Indian National Congress. I was a footballer, constantly interacting with other players from different religions, dimension to my thinking and perceptions. Secondly, I was born and brought up the Baloch socity, in which tribal values and tradition were preponderant as compared to the strictures of religion. I came to be actively associated with the nationalist students subscribing to the secular political philosophy of Indian National Congress.<br />
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Mir Ghaus Bakhsh Bizenjo's role in the politics of Pakistan had many noticeable and unique characteristics. he will always be remembered for his principal stands and pragmatic approch in politics. Coming from a remote village of balochistan , he rose to the respectable position of an elderly statesman of Pakistan's politics.Mir Saheb, that is how he was addressed by both his fellow politicians and the political rank and file of the parties he led or remained associated with in his long political career , had been a member of National Assembly and, for about nine or ten months, the Governor of Balochistan.He had also been an important leader of the National Awami Party (NAP),Natinal Democratic Party (NDP) and later, the founder-president of pakistan National Party (PNP). But, the offices he held were not as importan as the percepation and vision for which he was know and which he tried to inculcate in Pakistan's otherwise directionless politics. Mir Saheb was a man of conviction who could see beyond the confines of his time and immediate surroundings. he can very rightly be decribed as one of the very few political leader of the twentieth century Indian subcontinent. Who firmly adhered to the principal of human equality, social justice and peace throughout their political career . While being a firm believer in the right of self-determinstion of all nations subjugated by colonialist and imperialist force, he never succumed to the negativity of racism or national chauvinism. He was egually of all form of exploitation and discrimination perpetrated upon the working class and weaker section of the socity by the elites of nation struggling for emancipation from the colonial domintion.Despite the fact that he hailed from a very astonishingly progressive outlook on all social , economic and cultural issues . He was ,undoubtedly, a humanist par excellance.<br />
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Mir Ghous Baksh Bizenjo was a man of great conviction and resolve. Begining his political career as someone committed to freedom and independence for the Baloch nation, he stood firmly for federalism within Pakistan, once he was convinced of the soundness of such a solution. However, he also believed that a centralised federation without sufficient autonomy for the provinces would not work in Pakistan. He was a strong supporter of maximum provincial autonomy and thought that by overcoming the inter-provincial disparities of economic development and by allowing the people of all provinces their due right pakistan could emerge as a viable and prosperous federetion . he went even futher to advocate a collection south asia identity and vision for the region in the phase of accelerated capitalist globalisation in the 1980s <br />
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Mir Saheb was against all types discriminations and extremism. He was opposed to the use of religion for political ends.<br />
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Mir Saheb was an avid reader of books on almost every subject of social import. Even when he was in jail he sought books and asked his friends to send as many books as possible. His excellent personal library in Nal is a testament to that aspect of his life . His quest for Knowledge continued till the end .He asked for some of leon Trotsky's work as he had not read them . He was provided two of Trotsky's most famous books The permanent Revolution and The Revolution Betrayed. A few months later while brosing through his library in his village, one was astounded to find that both the books were read and there were remarks written, paras underlined on almost every second page!<br />
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Mir Sahab was an extremely kind and humble person. He treated all human beings, young and old, men and woman, friends and foes, with utmost respect,sensitivity, care and love. Under no circumstances would he allow himself to be overpowered by anger.<br />
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Like in his political views, he was moderate in his personal life too. Perhaps , the only extreme thing that one noticed in his life was his fondness of green chillies and perhaps it was this taste of his which took the toll and contributed to the very rapid deterioration of his health in his last days.<br />
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* )Banning of National Awami Party and filling of reference against NAP in the suprem court by the Federal Government in February 1975. Hearing lasted 44 days between June and september 1975, during which Mir Shib up a powerful defence of the National Awami Party, its programme and activities since its formation and rejected all the allegations aginst the party.<br />
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*)Formation of the Pakistan National Alliance (PNA) and Mir Sahib's views on the characterof PNA, on NDP's affiliation with it and on the PNA movement against Bhutto government.<br />
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*)Saur Revolution in Afghanistan, 1979. Wali Khan and pakhtun leaders of NDP had reservations about the Revolution, but Mir Sahib strongly supported it and condemned American imperialist plots against the Afghan Government. <br />
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*)Mir Sahib, Ataullah Mengal and a large number of senior members and workers of NDP separated from the party and formed the Pakistan National Party (PNP) in july 1979. Mir Sahib succeeded in bringing different leftist and communnist factions into the PNP.<br />
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*)1984.Mir Sahib rejects the nation of Muslim nation, advances his own idea of nationalism, autonomy and national rights. A spirited debate raged in the national press for several months.<br />
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*)Mir Sahib put forth a series of proposals on autonomy of the Federating Units, undertook extensive tours in Sindh Punjab and NWFP and initiated dialogues with various political leaders.<br />
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*)Visit to Moscow and meetings with some top leaders of the Communist Party of Soviest Union (CPSU).<br />
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*)Mir Sahib's frank and forthright comments about the unpredictable future of Gorbachev's Glasnost and Perestroika, which he made in an address to a large audience at the Soviest Friendship House in karachi on his return from Soviet Union. <br />
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*)Visit to Afghanistan in April 24- May 4, 1989 as President Dr. Najibullah's special guest at the Saur Revolution anniversary celebrations and military parade after the withdrawal of Soviest troops from Afghanistan<br />
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*)5-day stay in Delhi, 5-9 May, 1989 on the way back from Kabul as guest of the President of Indian National Congress and Prime Minister of India Rajiv Gandhi. It was Mir Sahib's first ever visit to India after Partition. 5 days of hectic activity in Delhi, including important meetings with older and younger generation of Congress leaders, the top leadership of Communist Party of India (CPI) and CPI (Marxist) and a series of interviews to leading Indian newspapers and TV Channels on Indo-Pakistan and regional issues, besides a memorable receptin hosted by Congress General Sectary Ghulam Nabi Azad, Rajya Sabha chairperson Najma Heptullah and senior journalist Rajendra Sareen at th legendary imperial Hotel where Mir Sahib had attended the meeting of All India State People Conference in 1946 - which was his last sojourn in Delhi before Partition.<br />
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*)After returning from Delhi on 9th May 1989. Mir Sahib developed serious health problems. Diagnosed of liver cancer, his condition began to deteriorate rapidly. He went to English for a medical checkup and possible treatment but returned after it was discovered that recovery was near impossible. Medical reports were sent to Moscow Where a panel of doctors examined them and reached the same opinion. Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi of India appointed a medical board to examine the reports and they too came to the same conclusion.<br />
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Mir Sahib passed away in Karachi in the early of 11th August 1989..

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